Whether or not concepts are Universals, even if they are formed the
same way as concepts - through differentiation and integration - the
problem of Universals remains the same. The problem is whether or not
those generalities, often in the form of -ness (manness, squareness,
etc.) then refer back to particulars in external reality.
Rand has confused the manner in which they are allegedly formed in the
mind with the *actual* problem which is relating them back to
So where is the manness in men? We formed it as a generality, yet in
man the particular it cannot be found. In individual men, the quality
of being rational (the Universal of "rationality") comes and goes, it
is relative, and it differs from individual to individual.
And where is the 2-ness in two objects? However the number 2 was
derived, its Universal form is nowhere to be found in those two